I'm not seeing an issue except maybe that the upper, long spring usually goes into holes on both shoes, not just one.
But maybe something on Clio different to "generic" systems.
Look on the other wheel, Haynes manual or wait for someone who knows Clio details to comment.
For future, a photo before you start dismantling helps refresh memory when re-fitting
As for the rest, by testing the handbrake (or footbrake) without the drum on, you will be causing problems as there is nothing to stop overtravel.
When the shoes move and lock on the drum, there is only a few thou of travel... maybe a millimetre on a poorly set up system.
You are moving them 6mm or more
Check that spring, slip the drum on and see then if both foot and handbrake work.
Make sure that the handbrake adjuster is turned so drum only just slips on.... should be tight but no need to hammer it on.... mustn't be loose.
If, on the outer (open) side of the drum, you can feel a lip... where shoes have warn the friction surface part leaving a lip, clean that lip off before fitting, it will throw off the initial adjustment.